Preparation for TOEFL iBT Writing: Strategy

The Writing section is the last in the TOEFL iBT test. This section of the exam assesses your ability to express your thoughts in writing in good literary English. The section includes 2 tasks: Independent Writing and Integrated Writing.

Independent Writing is the writing of an essay on a given general topic. The purpose of the task is to assess the ability of candidates to express their position or opinion on the topic, based on personal experience and knowledge. Students should also reinforce their thoughts and point of view with examples or important additions. You have 30 minutes to complete the task. The volume of the essay should be approximately 300 words.

In the Integrated Writing task, students need to demonstrate an understanding of written text and audio recording, as well as the ability to compose information from different sources and express their thoughts in a consistent, structured form. It is necessary to compare all the data and on this basis to sum up the results. For this task, the time is distributed as follows: you will be given 3 minutes to read an excerpt of 230-300 words, then you will have to close the text and listen to a two-minute recording directly related to the read passage. New information and a different point of view may be presented in the recording. While reading the text and listening to the information, you can make notes. Then you can look at the piece again, after which you are given 20 minutes to write an essay (150-225 words).

TOEFL iBT Writing: A Couple of Preparation Tips

Learn to write on an English keyboard. Since the toefl iBT is taken on a computer, the skill of quick typing in English letters will be very useful.

Constantly replenish your vocabulary. Write out unknown words in a notebook and every day devote a few minutes to repeat and memorize them. Try to use new vocabulary in your speech, as well as during the practice of writing essays.

Preparing for the TOEFL is first and foremost a competition with yourself. What you need to be able and know to pass the TOEFL iBT Writing section for the maximum score, read in the continuation of the article next week.

So, when writing a TOEFL essay in a trial, try to diversify your vocabulary, as well as apply as many grammatical constructions as possible. Do not be afraid to use new words and stable expressions. That is how they can be learned and learned to apply in the appropriate context. Using a rich vocabulary and a variety of grammatical constructions, you will make a proper impression on the certifier.

Carefully read the structure of the essay and stick to it while writing a trial and formal essay. The essay consists of three components: introduction, thesis and conclusion. Each part has its own distinctive features that need to be considered.

Learn to organize your thoughts. Before you begin the task, take 2-5 minutes to summarize the main ideas of your future essay. Don’t worry about time. A good plan will save you from errors and inaccuracies and even give you the opportunity to save a couple of minutes. How do I write a plan? Identify the main idea of each paragraph and express it in two or three key phrases, as well as identify several examples and valuable clarifications. Do not use long sentences in the plan – just a few words or phrases for which you will adhere to the scheme of actions and simultaneously add information. This will allow you to write a well-structured and logically consistent essay.

Learn to use introductory words to smoothly move from idea to idea, add information, give examples, make a comparative analysis, etc. Words such as: “to the same”, “in addition”, “for example”, “on the other hand”, “thus”, “firstly”, “secondly”, etc. will help you coherently express your thoughts.

Practice for a while. At the very beginning of the preparatory process, you can write an essay without being distracted by the countdown. However, later, try to take into account the rules of the tasks and adapt to it.

Track your progress. Ask your tutor or teacher to check your essays from the position of an attestation member of the TOEFL iBT exam committee. You need a look from the outside, and the teacher will competently point out both the shortcomings that need to be improved, and your strengths.

The Independent Writing assignment usually uses certain well-known essay topics. Make your own list of topics and practice writing essays. Do not forget about the structure of the essay. Follow your plan. Express your opinion and reinforce it with examples and clarifications.

A very important skill in writing an essay of the Integrated Writing task is paraphrasing. It will help you express the ideas of the submitted text in your own words. Purposefully retell various texts. Do not just rewrite the source material, but write selectively (only key points) in your own words.

Exam Strategies

Don’t forget to make a plan before you start an essay. It will save you time and reduce errors to a minimum.

Keep track of time carefully. Keep in mind that the jobs in both partitions have time constraints. If you have a minute left, do not move on to the next task. It is better to double-check what you have already done, so you can notice and correct the errors.

Do not write texts that are too voluminous – no more than 300 words in the Independent Writing task and 150-225 words in Integrated Writing.


Use introductory words. Thus, the reader will track your thought without much effort.

TOEFL preparation requires a significant investment of time and effort. But some simple tips can speed up and facilitate this process. Good luck with the TOEFL exam!

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