How to Write a Great Essay on the TOEFL Exam

First paragraphintroduction

 The first paragraph consists of 3-5 sentences and serves two purposes: to capture the reader’s attention and to present him with the main idea (thesis) of the entire essay.

The first few sentences should captivate the reader. Use the description, ask an unexpected question, give a funny case or an interesting fact related to the topic.

The main idea is usually expressed in the last sentence of this paragraph. If the first sentences introduce a topic and hold the reader’s attention, then the last one says what you think about the question asked, and what you will write an essay about.

An example of a good introduction to the topic: “Do you think teenagers should work while studying?”

 I’ve worked ever since I was twelve. As a teenager, I cleaned houses for my family members, made banana splits at an ice cream parlor, and waited tables at various restaurants. I did it all while carrying a pretty good grade point average in school, too! I definitely believe that teenagers should have jobs while they are still students because a job teaches discipline, earns them cash for school, and keeps them out of trouble.

 Paragraphs Two through Four: Explain Your Arguments

You have formulated a thesis – it’s time to explain why you think so. The thesis in the introduction from the example is: “I definitely believe that teenagers should have jobs while they are still students because a job teaches discipline, earns them cash for school, and keeps them out of trouble.”

 The purpose of the next three paragraphs is to explain the thesis point by point, using examples, facts, statistics, cases from life, literature, news or something else.

The second paragraph should explain the first point of the thesisTeenagers should have jobs while they are still students because a job teaches discipline.

The third paragraph clarifies the second point of the thesisTeenagers should have jobs while they are still students because a job earns them cash for school.

The fourth paragraph is devoted to the third point of thesisTeenagers should have jobs while they are still students because a job keeps them out of trouble.

 In the first (thematic) sentence of each of the three paragraphs, you should formulate a point of the thesis that you are going to argue. It is followed by another 3-4 sentences, in which its correctness is proved. And the last sentence should direct the reader to the next point. The following is an example of the second paragraph:

 First, teenagers should have jobs while they are still students because a job teaches discipline. When I was working at the ice cream store, I had to show up every day on time or I would have gotten fired. That taught me how to keep a schedule, which is a big part of learning discipline. As I cleaned the floors and washed the windows of my family members’ homes, I knew they would be checking up on me, so I worked hard to do my best, which taught me an important facet of discipline, which is thoroughness. But being disciplined isn’t the only reason it’s a good idea for teenagers to work during school; it can also bring in the money!

 Fifth paragraphconclusion

 You wrote the introduction, gave the main arguments in the main part, smoothly moving from one paragraph to another, so it’s time to complete the essay. The conclusion, which also consists of 3-5 sentences, performs two tasks: summarizes what you previously indicated in the essay and makes a lasting impression on the reader.

 Summarize the essay should be in the first sentences of the conclusionRepeat the three main points of the essaybut in other wordsso that the reader understands your point of view.

 The last sentences should give the reader food for thought before he finishes reading the paragraph. Give a quote, ask a question, tell a funny story, or just end with a description. And an example of a conclusion:

 I can’t speak for anyone else, but my experience has taught me that having a job while being a student is a very good idea. Not only does it teach people to have character in their lives, it can give them the tools they need to succeed like money for college tuition or a good reputation. Sure, it’s hard to be a teenager without the added pressure of a job, but with all the benefits of having one, it’s too important not to make the sacrifice.

 
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